This post is just a fun post for all the drunkards and smokers out there. The ABV mentioned below are in reference to Excise Act 2058 so this may not be accurate reference to everyone.
Berries make the wine, berries makes the starch. All fruits can be be used to make wine. However, technically speaking, wine is usually defined as the fermented juice of grapes, and in the EU, this is actually the legal definition. Therefore, it’s not as common to see wine made from strawberries or cherries. But having said that, you could make wine from any fruit/berries.
Some berries and its Nepali name:
- Tayberry/Mulberry/Dewberry/Blackberry/Boysenberry (किम्बु)
- Salmonberry/Raspberry (ऐंसेलु)
- Barberry (चुत्रो)
- Currant (बियाँ रहित अंगुर)
- Strawberry (झरबेर),
- Blueberry, Chokeberry, Cloudberry, Cranberry, Elderberry, Goji Berry, Gooseberry, Huckleberry, Juneberry, Lingonberry, Goldenberry/Yellowberry
(Do you even get these in Nepal? idk)
Types of Alcohol
Without specified darbandi
- Jand/Chyang / Tongba (Country Beer; Naming is different due to the serving size and density, Murcha/Yeast is used as starter which is a mix of yeast and wild mold herbs (कुद or Hops)),
- Malt Beer (Malt Barley Beer with more ABV, ABV 0.5-8%)
- Beer (Brewed from cereal grains, ABV 0.5-8%)
- Draught Beer (served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can, , ABV 0.5-8%)
- Wine (Fermented from grapes: ABV 10-20%)
- Sherry (Fermented from white grapes: ABV 15-20%)
- Sparkling Wine (Clear Wine)
- Champagne (Clear wine produced in Champagne, France)
- Cider (Apple, ABV 2-5%)
- Perry (Pears/Naspati, ABV 2-5%)
- Mead (Various Fruits, ABV 10-20%)
With specified darbandi
- Brandy (Distilled Wine: ABV 35-50%)
- Whiskey (Fermented grains: ABV 40-70%)
- Rum (Directly fermented from sugarcane juice: ABV 35-50%)
- Gin (Berry Wine: ABV 35-50%)
- Geneva (Junipe/Dhupi berry wine: ABV 35-50%)
- Vodka (Water and Ethanol: ABV 40-90%)
- Liqueurs and Cordials (sweetened distilled spirit used as base liquor, ABV <40%)
- General Ethyl Alcohol
- Rectified Spirit (RS) (Heads Spirit (HS)/Malt Spirit (MS)),
- Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA) (Distilled Alcohol from brewery, Used in chemical concentration and alcohol blending, Fatal if consumed, ABV 95-100%)
- Anhydrous Ethanol (AE) (Used as fuel ABV>99%),
- Silent Spirit (Non-Fatal spirit with 95-100% ABV used as disinfectants),
- Denatured Alcohol/Thinner Spirit (Methylated Ethanol that make recreational consumption of alcohol nauseating)
Tobacco related products
“Tobacco related products” refers to these products containing tobacco that are smoked, chewed or kept in mouth.
- चुरोट: Processed smoking tobacco
- बिडी: Unprocessed smoking tobacco wrapped in leaves
- खैनी/जर्दा: Slake lime chewing/dipping tobacco
- गुट्का: Mixture of:
- सुर्ती: Tobacco
- सुपाडी: Areca/Betel Nut
- खएरको बियाँ: Catechu/Acacia-Beans obtained from Acacia Tree (खएरको रुख)
- Limewater/Slaked lime (CaOH2): Mixture of Calcium Oxide (Quicklime: CaO) with water
- Paraffin Wax: A flammable, whitish, translucent, waxy solid consisting of a mixture of saturated hydrocarbons, obtained by distillation from petroleum or shale
- Sweet and savory flavorings
- नसवर: Inhaling tobacco or Snuff
- पानमसला/पानपराग (whether or not containing nicotine): Ingredients for पानमसला is same as that of गुट्का, पानमसला is wrapped in betel leaf (leaf obtained from a type of vine called Piper Betel (नागबेली))
- Other tobacco related products
Dry weight of tobacco contains around 1-4% nicotine (Nicotine is an alkaloid that stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system). General clarification: Alcohol doesn’t contain nicotine unless you put it in there yourself, which I don’t know how one could do.
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette): It is a handheld electronic device that simulates the feeling of tobacco smoking. It works by heating a liquid to generate an aerosol, commonly called a “vapor” that the user inhales. The liquid in the e-cigarette, called e-liquid, is usually made of nicotine (not necessarily), propylene glycol, glycerin, and flavorings.
What is a standard drink?
When you want to have a standard drink it depends on the type of drink.
355ml (12 fl oz) Beer = 235ml (8 fl oz) Malt Liquor = 150ml (5 fl oz) Table Wine = 45ml (1.5 fl oz) Distilled Spirits. “fl oz” means fluid ounce. Serving Size details of all types of alcohol can be found here.
A typical Tuborg beer is 650ml a little less than a double the standard drink size of beer. A pint of beer in British Imperial unit used to be ~ 570 ml.
A peg of distilled spirit is 30ml but a standard drink size is 45ml of distilled spirits. Sure we can drink 15ml more.
One can be surprised but even words like “quarter”, “half” and “full” is as good a measurement unit to the drunkards as is the metric system. Quarter is 180ml (~6 Pegs), Half is 375ml (~12 Pegs) and a Full is 750ml (~25 Pegs)
Alcohol proofing standard refers to the process used to find out the content of alcohol in the liquid. In early days in London gunpowder test was made to ascertain the alcohol content of the liquid/spirit. Some units of indexing alcohol proofing are:
- London Proof Liter (LPL) or United-Kingdom Proof Liter (UKPL)
- United States Proof Liter (USPL)
- Alcohol By Volume (ABV)
“Prepared Alcohol or Taiyari Madira” refers to under proofed (UP) Liquid. “LP” refers to the content of pure ethanol. “LPL” refers to the 57.06% content of pure ethanol in a liter. “Under Proof (UP)” refers to spirit with < 100 LPL index (57.06 % ABV). “Over Proof (OP)” refers to spirit with ≥ 100 LPL index (57.06 % ABV)
ABV = (4/7) LPL = (1/2) USPL
As specified by IRD Excise Directive
Only use this relationship is dilution is required to made by adding water, or making concentration through distillation (X and Y is quantity of liters, k is units of over or under proof)
X LPL = Y k _UPL × (1-k%) = Y k_OPL × (1+k%)